Hydroquinone (2%) Helps limit skin from creating an excess amount of melanin. Too much melanin clustered together leads to the brown spots. Hydroquinone steps in to interrupt this process, causing brown spots to gradually fade.
Kojic acid (3%), a by-product of sake (rice wine) manufacturing, inhibits pigment formation in the skin, provides antioxidant support, and offers antibacterial benefits for acne prone skin.
Glycolic and lactic acids (8%), remove dead skin cells and very superficial pigmentation, and help amplify absorption of lightening ingredients for amplified results.
L-ascorbic acid, a proven antioxidant, helps scavenge free radicals and prevent ROS induced melanogenesis that contributes to discolorations.
Beta-carotene helps support healthy skin functions and cellular regeneration that fosters a more even skin tone and amplified results for lightening.